Hospital wastewater (HWW) is the wastewater discharged from all hospital activities, both medical and non-medical, including activities in surgery rooms, examination rooms, laboratories, nursery rooms, radiology rooms, kitchens, and laundry rooms.
HWWs are considered of similar quality to municipal wastewater, but may also contain various potentially hazardous components which mainly include hazardous chemical compounds, heavy metals, disinfectants, and specific detergents resulting from diagnosis, laboratory, and research activities. Higher concentrations of pharmaceutical compounds were found in hospital effluents than those found in municipal effluents. Also, infectious diseases and radioactive pollution shall be considered in these effluents.
The wastewater produced in many different operations in the pharmaceutical industry is considered as an environmental problem because of its hazardous and potential for impacts on the aquatic ecosystem. This wastewater contains lots of complicated chemical compounds which must be removed before discharging to the environment.
FARAN’s customized process for each project in this field, includes but are not limited to the following steps:
- Equalization and Normalization
- pH adjustment
- Flocculation, Flotation and precipitation
- Biological Treatment
- Advanced Oxidation to fully oxidize and sanitize the remaining pollutants and hazardous chemicals.